What is AI?
Artificial intelligence (AI) is the simulation of human intelligence processes by machines, especially computer systems. These processes include learning (the acquisition of information and rules for using the information), reasoning (using rules to reach approximate or definite conclusions) and self-correction. Particular applications of AI include expert systems, voice recognition and computere vision.
AI applications examples
Artificial intelligence has made its way into a number of areas. Here are some examples.
Autonomous vehicles are fitted with numerous sensors, radars and cameras to generate massive amounts of environmental data. All of these form the Digital Sensorium, through which the autonomous vehicle can see, hear and feel the road, road infrastructure, other vehicles and every other object on/near the road, just like a human driver would pay attention to the road while driving.
Robotic process automation is being applied to highly repetitive tasks normally performed by humans. Machine learning algorithms are being integrated into analytics and CRM platforms to uncover information on how to better serve customers. Chatbots have been incorporated into websites to provide immediate service to customers. Automation of job positions has also become a talking point among academics and IT analysts.
AI can automate grading, giving educators more time. AI can assess students and adapt to their needs, helping them work at their own pace. AI tutors can provide additional support to students, ensuring they stay on track. AI could change where and how students learn, perhaps even replacing some teachers.
This is an area that has been at the forefront of incorporating robots into the workflow. Industrial robots used to perform single tasks and were separated from human workers, but as the technology advanced that changed.